The Poultry Industry in Nigeria occupies a prominent position as a major source of animal protein supply to the citizenry. Over the years, the growth of the industry has followed a pattern closely dictated by the economic fortunes of the country. It grew from a modest population of about 0.7 million exotic chickens in 1963 to an estimated 40 million in 1983.

During the same period, the number of Poultry farms also increased from 350 to about 5,000 as this period coincided with an area of economic growth and industrial expansion fueled by increased crude oil earnings of the 1970’s. The feed mill industry that is directly linked with the Poultry Sector equally expanded in number and aggregate installed capacity.

Between 1983 and 1988, the total installed capacity of 90 percent  plummeted to 26 percent as virtually most of the raw materials such as maize, fishmeal, vitamins and other feed ingredients together with equipment associated with the industry were imported. Apart from the high import dependent nature of the industry, there was very poor inter-industry linkage with other sectors of the economy as Maize which contributes about 60 percent of the energy component of Poultry feed is also a staple food as well as a major industrial raw materials for the breweries, baby food and pharmaceutical industries. With the economic recession of the 80’s resulting in the escalation of production costs in all sectors of the economy, commercial poultry production declined by about 75 percent to a situation whereby at the end of 1999, the number of commercial poultry farms in the country dropped significantly to below one thousand farms.

The advent of democracy in 1999 through 2002 saw to the breath of new life as the then Government of Chief Olusegun Obasanjo GCFR set up the Presidential Committee on Livestock specifically to evaluate the Poultry Industry and proffer strategies for reviving same to the Pre-SAP era of boom for the Industry. In order to sustain the tempo of this development, the Association had to be resuscitated, hence the new era for the Association. 

Current Situation of the Industry

As at 2013 the commercial Poultry production in Nigeria is estimated at about USD 800 million and is rated as the most industrialized component of the Livestock Sector. The sector employs over 14 million people directly and indirectly that is the Commercial Sector alone while the rural family poultry has an estimated 85 million people involved managing a total asset base of about N320 billion.

The Nigerian Poultry Sector contributes over 25 percent of the Agricultural Domestic Products of the Nigerian economy.
Currently, Nigeria is rated as the number one egg producing nation in Africa and the fourth in broiler meat production outside South Africa and some countries of North Africa as Nigeria produced 553,000mt of eggs in 2011 and 708,000mt of broiler meat. 

Importance of Poultry Production in Nigeria.

  • The cheapest source of animal Protein – supplying animal Protein to the citizenry.
  • Creation of employment opportunities to many Nigerians directly or indirectly.
  • Assist to improve the Livelihood of Nigerians through the empowerment of Women and the youths by creating additional source of revenue to the families, thereby alleviating the endemic household poverty.